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Isolation and characterization of dioscin-α-l-rhamnosidase from bovine liver

Qian, Siriguleng, Wang, Hongying, Zhang, Chunzhi, Yu, Hongshan
Journal of Molecular Catalysis. B, Enzymatic 2013 v.97 pp. 31-35
calcium, catalytic activity, cattle, copper, enzyme activity, iron, liver, magnesium, metal ions, molecular weight, pH, temperature, zinc
A novel dioscin-α-l-rhamnosidase was isolated and purified from fresh bovine liver. The activity of the enzyme was tested using diosgenyl-2,4-di-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-β-d-glucopyranoside as a substrate. It was cleaved by the enzyme to two compounds, rhamnoses and diosgenyl-O-β-d-glucopyranoside. The optimal conditions for enzyme activity were that temperature was at 42°C, pH was at 7, reaction time was at 4h, and the substrate concentration was at 2%. Furthermore, metal ions such as Fe3+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ showed different effects on the enzyme activity. Mg2+ acted as an activator whereas Cu2+, Fe3+, and Zn2+ acted as strong inhibitors in a wide range of concentrations from 0 to 200mM. It was interesting that Ca2+ played a role as an inhibitor when its concentration was at 10mM and acted as an activator at the other concentrations for the enzyme. Moreover, the molecular weight of enzyme was determined as 75kDa.