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Pressurized liquid extraction of phenolic compounds from Anatolia propolis and their radical scavenging capacities
- Erdogan, Selim, Ates, Burhan, Durmaz, Gokhan, Yilmaz, Ismet, Seckin, Turgay
- Food and chemical toxicology 2011 v.49 no.7 pp. 1592-1597
- caffeic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, honey, hydroquinone, myricetin, propolis, solvents, temperature, toxicology, Turkey (country)
- Propolis samples from important honey producing locations of Anatolia namely; Bingol (BG), Rize (RZ), Tekirdag (TK) and Van (VN), were evaluated for their antiradical capacities, total phenolic contents and individual phenolic compounds which was recovered by means of pressurized liquid extraction (PLE). Several extraction parameters of PLE such as; temperature, pressure, solvent type, extraction time and cell size were investigated for their effects on the extraction performances. The results showed that, 40°C, 1500psi, Ethanol:water:HCl; (70:25:5, v/v/v) containing 0.1% tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) as solvent, three extraction cycles within 15min, and a cell size of 11mL was the most favorable PLE operating conditions. Results of the tests performed to designate the success of the polyphenol analysis showed that the recovery was in the range of 97.2% and 99.7%. Major phenolic compounds in all samples were found to be gallocatechin (GCT), catechin (CT), epicatechin gallate (ECTG), caffeic acid (CA), chlorogenic acid (ChA), and myricetin (Myr). ChA level of BG propolis was 4.5, 3 and 23 times higher than that of RZ, TK and VN region, respectively. Antiradical tests showed that all propolis samples have superior antiradical capacities up to 500mg Trolox equivalent activity per gram of extract.