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Co-producing knowledge: joint knowledge production between experts, bureaucrats and stakeholders in Dutch water management projects
- Edelenbos, Jurian, van Buuren, Arwin, van Schie, Nienke
- Environmental science & policy 2011 v.14 no.6 pp. 675-684
- decision making, environmental science, experts, issues and policy, stakeholders, water management
- This article analyzes the process of knowledge co-production between experts, bureaucrats and stakeholders in two Dutch water management projects. The methods used for coproduction are analyzed, along with the impact of the resulting knowledge on the decision-making process. Based on the cases, it is concluded that knowledge co-production between experts and bureaucrats is not very problematic, because of discipline congruence and institutionalized relations between the two in Dutch water management. Knowledge co-production between stakeholders on the one hand and experts and bureaucrats on the other is more problematic and leads to problems of legitimacy in knowledge production and decision-making.