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Assessing estrogenic activity in surface water and sediment of the Liao River system in northeast China using combined chemical and biological tools
- Wang, Li, Ying, Guang-Guo, Zhao, Jian-Liang, Liu, Shan, Yang, Bin, Zhou, Li-Jun, Tao, Ran, Su, Hao-Chang
- Environmental pollution 2011 v.159 no.1 pp. 148-156
- aquatic organisms, bioassays, bisphenol A, diethylstilbestrol, estradiol, estrogenic properties, estrone, risk, rivers, sediments, surface water, yeasts, China
- This paper investigated some selected estrogenic compounds (4-t-octylphenol: 4-t-OP; 4-nonylphenols: 4-NP; bisphenol-A: BPA; diethylstilbestrol: DES; estrone: E1; 17β-estradiol: E2; 17α-Ethinylestradiol: EE2; triclosan: TCS) and estrogenicity in the Liao River system using the combined chemical and in vitro yeast screen bioassay and assessed their ecological risks to aquatic organisms. The estrogenic compounds 4-t-OP, 4-NP, BPA, E1, E2 and TCS were detected in most of the samples, with their concentrations up to 52.1 2065.7, 755.6, 55.8, 7.4 and 81.3ng/L in water, and up to 8.6, 558.4, 33.8, 7.9, <LOQ and 33.9ng/g in sediment, respectively. However, DES and EE2 were not detected in the Liao River. The estrogen equivalents (EEQ) of the water and sediment samples were also measured by the bioassay. High estrogenic risks to aquatic organisms were found in the river sections of metropolitan areas and the lower reach of the river system.