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Spatial distribution of per- and polyfluoroalkyl compounds in coastal waters from the East to South China Sea

Cai, Minghong, Zhao, Zhen, Yang, Haizhen, Yin, Zhigao, Hong, Qingquan, Sturm, Renate, Ebinghaus, Ralf, Ahrens, Lutz, Cai, Minggang, He, Jianfeng, Xie, Zhiyong
Environmental pollution 2012 v.161 pp. 162-169
cities, coastal water, high performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, perfluorocarbons, seawater, solid phase extraction, China, South China Sea
The spatial distribution of per- and polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) were investigated in coastal waters collected onboard research vessel Snow Dragon from the East to South China Sea in 2010. All samples were prepared by solid-phase extraction and analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography/negative electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/(−)ESI-MS/MS). Concentrations of 9 PFCs, including C₄ and C₈ (PFBS, PFOS) perfluoroalkyl sulfonate (PFSAs), C₅–C₉ and C₁₃ (PFPA, PFHxA, PFHpA, PFOA, PFNA, PFTriDA) perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs), and N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamide (EtFOSA) were quantified. The ΣPFC concentrations ranged from 133 pg/L to 3320 pg/L, with PFOA (37.5–1541 pg/L), PFBS (23.0–941 pg/L) and PFHpA (0–422 pg/L) as dominant compounds. Concentrations of PFCs were greater in coastal waters along Shanghai, Ningbo, Taizhou, Xiamen and along coastal cities of the Guangdong province compared to less populated areas along the east Chinese coast. Additionally, the comparison with other seawater PFC measurements showed lower levels in this study.