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Canopy interaction with precipitation and sulphur deposition in two boreal forests of Quebec, Canada

Marty, C., Houle, D., Duchesne, L., Gagnon, C.
Environmental pollution 2012 v.162 pp. 354-360
boreal forests, canopy, dry deposition, sulfur, summer, throughfall, warm season, winter, Quebec
The interaction of atmospheric sulphur (S) was investigated within the canopies of two boreal forests in Québec, Canada. The net canopy exchange approach, i.e. the difference between S–SO₄ in throughfall and precipitation, suggests high proportion of dry deposition in winter (up to 53%) as compared to summer (1–9%). However, a 3.5‰ decrease in δ¹⁸O–SO₄ throughfall in summer compared to incident precipitation points towards a much larger proportion of dry deposition during the warm season. We suggest that a significant fraction of dry deposition (about 1.2 kg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹, representing 30–40% of annual wet S deposition) which contributed to the decreased δ¹⁸O–SO₄ in throughfall was taken up by the canopy. Overall, these results showed that, contrary to what is commonly considered, S interchanges in the canopy could be important in boreal forests with low absolute atmospheric S depositions.