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Brominated flame retardants in three terrestrial passerine birds from South China: Geographical pattern and implication for potential sources

Sun, Yu-xin, Luo, Xiao-jun, Mo, Ling, Zhang, Qiang, Wu, Jiang-ping, Chen, She-jun, Zou, Fa-sheng, Mai, Bi-xian
Environmental pollution 2012 v.162 pp. 381-388
Passeriformes, birds, electronic wastes, ethane, flame retardants, industry, polybrominated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, recycling, urbanization, China
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) and pentabromotoluene (PBT) were investigated in light-vented bulbul (LVB), long-tailed shrike (LTS) and oriental magpie-robin (OMR) collected from seven sampling sites in South China. ∑PBDEs, DBDPE, PBB 153, and PBT levels ranged from 35 to 15 000, no detected (nd)-130, nd-6800, and nd-6.8 ng/g lipid weight, respectively. Positive correlations were found between δ¹⁵N values and brominated flame retardant (BFR) concentrations. The BFR geographic pattern indicated that PBDEs were linked to e-waste recycling and local industry activities as well as urbanization; PBB 153 was derived from e-waste; DBDPE was mainly come from local industry activities; and no specific source was observed for PBT. PBDE congener profiles were found to be depended on bird species and sampling sites with relatively high abundances of lower brominated congeners in e-waste site and significantly higher abundance of BDE153 in LTS and OMR than in LVB.