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CO₂ emissions from farm inputs “Case study of wheat production in Canterbury, New Zealand”
- Safa, Majeed, Samarasinghe, Sandhya
- Environmental pollution 2012 v.171 pp. 126-132
- arid lands, carbon dioxide, case studies, crop production, emissions, farm inputs, farmers, fuels, irrigation, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, wheat, New Zealand
- This review paper concentrates on carbon dioxide emissions, discussing its agricultural sources and the possibilities for minimizing emissions from these sources in wheat production in Canterbury, New Zealand. This study was conducted over 35,300 ha of irrigated and dryland wheat fields in Canterbury. Total CO₂ emissions were 1032 kg CO₂/ha in wheat production. Around 52% of the total CO₂ emissions were released from fertilizer use and around 20% were released from fuel used in wheat production. Nitrogen fertilizers were responsible for 48% (499 kg CO₂/ha) of CO₂ emissions. The link between nitrogen consumption, CO₂ emissions and crop production showed that reducing the CO₂ emissions would decrease crop production and net financial benefits to farmers.