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Physiological aspects of mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) grown in microcosms with oil-degrading bacteria and oil contaminated sediment

Sodré, Vanessa, Caetano, Vanessa S., Rocha, Renata M., Carmo, Flávia L., Medici, Leonardo O., Peixoto, Raquel S., Rosado, Alexandre S., Reinert, Fernanda
Environmental pollution 2013 v.172 pp. 243-249
Laguncularia racemosa, ascorbate peroxidase, bacteria, catalase, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, fuel oils, leaves, microbial communities, oil spills, oxidative stress, photosynthesis, sediments, shoots, vegetation
To assess the severity of oil spills on mangroves, diagnosis of the vegetation health is crucial. Some aspects of photosynthesis such as photochemical efficiency and leaf pigment composition together with the level of oxidative stress may constitute reliable indicators for vegetation health. To test this approach 14 month old Laguncularia racemosa were contaminated with 5 L m−2 of the marine fuel oil MF-380 and treated with an oil degrading bacterial consortium in microcosms. Contamination resulted in a 20% decrease in shoot dry weight after 128 days. Photochemical efficiency, pigment content, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase remained unchanged. Multivariate ordination of DGGE microbial community fingerprints revealed a pronounced separation between the oil contaminated and the non-contaminated samples. Further studies are necessary before physiological parameters can be recommended as indicators for plant's health in oil polluted mangroves.