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Effects of selenium accumulation on phytotoxicity, herbivory, and pollination ecology in radish (Raphanus sativus L.)

Hladun, Kristen R., Parker, David R., Tran, Khoa D., Trumble, John T.
Environmental pollution 2013 v.172 pp. 70-75
Aphidoidea, Apis mellifera, Raphanus sativus, biomass, birds, ecosystems, foraging, herbivores, honey bees, nectar, phytotoxicity, plant ecology, pollen, pollination, pollinators, pollutants, radishes, seed abortion, selenium, United States
Selenium (Se) has contaminated areas in the western USA where pollination is critical to the functioning of both agricultural and natural ecosystems, yet we know little about how Se can impact pollinators. In a two-year semi-field study, the weedy plant Raphanus sativus (radish) was exposed to three selenate treatments and two pollination treatments to evaluate the effects on pollinator–plant interactions. Honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) pollinators were observed to readily forage on R. sativus for both pollen and nectar despite high floral Se concentrations. Se treatment increased both seed abortion (14%) and decreased plant biomass (8–9%). Herbivory by birds and aphids was reduced on Se-treated plants, indicating a potential reproductive advantage for the plant. Our study sheds light on how pollutants such as Se can impact the pollination ecology of a plant that accumulates even moderate amounts of Se.