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Mercury concentrations in human placenta, umbilical cord, cord blood and amniotic fluid and their relations with body parameters of newborns

Kozikowska, Iwona, Binkowski, Łukasz J., Szczepańska, Katarzyna, Sławska, Helena, Miszczuk, Katarzyna, Śliwińska, Magdalena, Łaciak, Tomasz, Stawarz, Robert
Environmental pollution 2013 v.182 pp. 256-262
Environmental Protection Agency, amniotic fluid, blood, humans, mercury, neonates, placenta, pregnancy, umbilical cord, women, Poland, United States
Studies were conducted on samples taken from giving birth women (n = 40) living in Poland, representing three age groups: 19–25, 26–30 and 31–38 years old. Mercury concentrations were measured with CV-AAS in placenta, umbilical cord, cord blood and amniotic fluid.The placentas weight did not exceed the 750 g value and was heavier than 310 g. Mean values of Hg concentrations in blood, placenta and umbilical cord were similar (c.a. 9 μg/g). High levels of mercury were noted in cord blood which in 75% of all observations exceeded (up to 17 μg/L) the safe dose set by US EPA (5.8 μg/L). No statistically significant differences in medium level of Hg in all the studied tissues among age groups of women were observed. Positive correlations between Hg concentrations in placenta and umbilical cord and cord blood were revealed as well as some negative ones between mercury concentrations and pregnancy parameters.