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High-level production of extracellular lipase by Yarrowia lipolytica mutants from methyl oleate

Farshad Darvishi, Jacqueline Destain, Iraj Nahvi, Philippe Thonart, Hamid Zarkesh-Esfahani
New biotechnology 2011 v.28 no.6 pp. 756-760
Yarrowia lipolytica, bioreactors, carboxylic ester hydrolases, ethyl methanesulfonate, genes, hydrophobicity, molecular weight, mutants, mutation, oleic acid, open reading frames, pH, promoter regions, recombinant DNA, selective media, sequence analysis, temperature, value-added products, yeasts
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica degrades efficiently low-cost hydrophobic substrates for the production of various added-value products such as lipases. To obtain yeast strains producing high levels of extracellular lipase, Y. lipolytica DSM3286 was subjected to mutation using ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) and ultraviolet (UV) light. Twenty mutants were selected out of 1600 mutants of Y. lipolytica treated with EMS and UV based on lipase production ability on selective medium. A new industrial medium containing methyl oleate was optimized for lipase production. In the 20L bioreactor containing new industrial medium, one UV mutant (U6) produced 356U/mL of lipase after 24h, which is about 10.5-fold higher than that produced by the wild type strain. The properties of the mutant lipase were the same as those of the wild type: molecular weight 38kDa, optimum temperature 37°C and optimum pH 7. Furthermore, the nucleotide sequences of extracellular lipase gene (LIP2) in wild type and mutant strains were determined. Only two silent substitutions at 362 and 385 positions were observed in the ORF region of LIP2. Two single substitutions and two duplications of the T nucleotide were also detected in the promoter region. LIP2 sequence comparison of the Y. lipolytica DSM3286 and U6 strains shows good targets to effective DNA recombinant for extracellular lipase of Y. lipolytica.