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Molecular identification of AFLP fragments associated with elytra color variation of the Asian ladybird beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Lee, Dae Hong, Seo, Mi Ja, Kang, Eun Jin, Park, Cho Rong, Jo, Chang Wook, Hwang, In Cheon, Yu, Yong Man, Youn, Young Nam
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2011 v.14 no.1 pp. 99-105
DNA, Harmonia axyridis, alleles, amplified fragment length polymorphism, color, elytra, genetic databases, insects, loci, nucleotide sequences
The Asian ladybird beetle, Harmonia axyridis shows polymorphism in elytra color patterns. However, it is uncertain whether these color patterns are regulated by genetic factors. This investigation used amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis to determine any genetic causes of the variability of color patterns. Using four individuals of each group, AFLP analysis produced 37 polymorphic bands. Among several polymorphic bands, six AFLP markers were associated with elytra color patterns after further analysis using six additional individuals of each group. These polymorphic sites were sequenced but did not match DNA sequence data deposited in GenBank. Based on the color-associated AFLP markers, SCAR primers were designed for PCR amplification of genomic DNA. These primers (SCAR 12 and SCAR 44) were used to analyze color-associated loci and/or alleles of H. axyridis DNA. SCAR 12 primers designed from a Spectabilis type-specific fragment (AFLP 12) amplified a specific band of 530bp in four Spectabilis individuals, but not in the insects with other color patterns.