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Insecticide susceptibility of Ephemera orientalis (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) and two mosquito species, Anopheles sinensis and Culex pipiens in the Republic of Korea

Shin, E-Hyun, Park, Chan, Kim, Hyun kyung, Lee, Dong-Kyu, Kim, Soon-Il, Kang, Hyesook, Chang, Kyu-Sik
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2011 v.14 no.3 pp. 233-236
Anopheles sinensis, Culex pipiens, Ephemera, adults, bioassays, chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, direct contact, fenitrothion, lethal dose 50, mortality, population, pyrethrins, South Korea
Field-collected populations of mayflies, Ephemera orientalis were tested for susceptibility to 10 different insecticides using a direct-contact mortality bioassay. Ephemera orientalis subimagoes were susceptible to the insecticides chlorpyrifos, fenitrothion and chlorfenapyr with LD₅₀ values of 69.7, 78.8 and 81.9μg/♀, and adults had LD₅₀ values of 71.9, 78.8 and 85.4μg/♀, respectively. Susceptibility ratios (SRs) of subimagoes and adults of E. orientalis to the 10 insecticides were 1.0 to1.2 folds. The mayflies showed higher susceptibility to organophosphates than to pyrethroids. The SRs of Anopheles sinensis to E. orientalis were 514 to 1438 folds higher for organophosphates (LD₅₀ values of 0.05 to 0.23μg/♀) and 62 to 1155 folds higher for pyrethroids (LD₅₀ values of 0.13 to 2.41μg/♀). The SRs of Culex pipiens to E. orientalis were 606 to 3595 folds higher for organophosphates with LD₅₀ values of 0.02–0.17μg/♀ and 81 to 1365 folds higher for pyrethroids with LD₅₀ values of 0.11–1.83μg/♀. These results indicate that the use of ineffective insecticides will result in unsatisfactory control against field populations of the subimagoes and adults of E. orientalis.