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Laboratory evaluation of the chemosterilant lufenuron against the fruit flies Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera dorsalis, B. cucurbitae, and B. latifrons

Chang, Chiou Ling, Cho, Il Kyu, Li, Qing X.
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2012 v.15 no.1 pp. 13-16
Bactrocera dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata, adults, agar, chemosterilants, diet, egg production, eggs, fecundity, fruit flies, larvae, larval development, lufenuron, mortality, physiological response, strains, toxicity
Four species of tephritid fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera dorsalis, B. cucurbitae, and B. latifrons were evaluated for toxic, developmental, and physiological responses to the chemosterilant lufenuron. No significant mortality of laboratory strains of the first three species was observed after their exposure up to 50μg/mL of lufenuron in agar adult diet, whereas B. latifrons adults fed with 50μg/mL of lufenuron in the diet caused significant mortality compared to the control. Fertility of C. capitata adults fed on 50μg/mL lufenuron-fortified diet between 7 and 12days of age was approximately 46% of the no lufenuron control. Fertility of B. dorsalis and B. latifrons adults fed on 50μg/mL lufenuron-incorporated diet was about 45% and 62% of the control, respectively. Lufenuron did not significantly affect fertility of B. cucurbitae adults. Lufenuron did not affect fecundity of C. capitata and B. dorsalis. Fecundity of B. cucurbitae and B. latifrons was not evaluated due to difficulty to count the eggs laid deep in the agar diet. Larvae fed on a liquid larval diet with ≤0.1μg/mL of lufenuron were also evaluated. Pupal recovery, adult emergence, adult fliers, mating, egg hatch, and egg production of C. capitata were significantly decreased, while for B. dorsalis, pupal recovery, larval duration and adult emergence were affected. No effect of lufenuron on B. cucurbitae larvae was observed. B. latifrons was not performed because shortage of eggs at the time of this research. Lufenuron is a potential agent for management and control of C. capitata and B. dorsalis.