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Monitoring of carbamate and organophosphate resistance levels in Nilaparvata lugens based on bioassay and quantitative sequencing

Kwon, Deok Ho, Min, Sujeong, Lee, Si Woo, Park, Ji Hyun, Lee, Si Hyeock
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2012 v.15 no.4 pp. 635-639
Nilaparvata lugens, acetylcholinesterase, bioassays, correlation, gene frequency, genetic markers, insecticide resistance, insecticides, methylcarbamates, monitoring, point mutation, strains, topical application
The resistance levels to carbamate (CB) and organophosphate (OP) insecticides were determined by topical application in 14 field strains of Nilaparvata lugens. The resistance levels of N. lugens to CB and OP were 1.3–47.5-fold and 1.4–14.4-fold higher than a susceptible strain, respectively. A quantitative sequencing (QS) protocol was established to determine the allele frequencies of four acetylcholinesterase point mutations putatively associated with CB and OP resistance. The allele frequencies of the four mutations (G119A, F/Y330S, F331H and I332L) in field strains' ranges are ca. 0.0–51.7%, 0.0–88.9%, 5.1–56.0% and 6.7–57.3%, respectively. The F331H and I332L were tightly linked to each other, suggesting that these mutations may occur simultaneously. In correlation analysis, G119A was not well correlated with actual resistance levels (r²=<0.232), whereas F331H and I332L showed a better correlation with the resistance levels of benzofuranyl methylcarbamates (r²=0.595). This finding indicates that F331H and I332L mutation frequencies may be used as molecular markers for detecting carbamate resistance in N. lugens. A QS protocol detecting the F331H and I332L mutation frequencies could therefore be employed as a supportive tool for the rapid monitoring of CB insecticide resistance levels in N. lugens.