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The effects of UV radiation on the visual system of the crab Neohelice granulata: A protective role of melatonin
- Vargas, Marcelo Alves, Geihs, Márcio Alberto, Maciel, Fábio Everton, Cruz, Bruno Pinto, Nery, Luiz Eduardo Maia, Allodi, Silvana
- Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2011 v.154 no.4 pp. 427-434
- antioxidant activity, catalase, crabs, eyes, immunohistochemistry, lipid peroxidation, melatonin, physiology, protective effect, reactive oxygen species, ultraviolet radiation
- The first and main target-structure of ultraviolet (UV) radiation in animals is the body surface, including the skin and eyes. Here, we investigated cell damage in the visual system of the crab Neohelice granulata acclimated to constant light and exposed to UVA or UVB at 12:00h for 30min. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, antioxidant capacity against peroxyl radicals (ACAP), lipid peroxidation (LPO) damage, catalase (CAT) activity, and the melatonin immunohistochemical reactivity in the eyestalks were evaluated. The animals that received melatonin and were exposed to UVA and UVB radiation showed a decreased ROS concentration (p<0.05).The ACAP test showed a decrease (p<0.05) in their values when the animals received 2pmol/crab of melatonin (physiological dose) before the exposure to UVA radiation. The animals exposed to UVB radiation after receiving the same dose of melatonin showed an increase (p<0.05) in the ACAP test compared with the animals exposed to UVB radiation after receiving only crab physiological saline. The CAT activity increased (p<0.05) in the animals that received melatonin and were exposed to UVA and UVB radiation. Animals exposed to UVA and UVB displayed an increase (p<0.05) in the LPO levels, whereas animals treated with melatonin showed lower (p<0.05) LPO levels when irradiated. The results indicate that the specific oxidative parameters altered by UV radiation can be modulated by a physiological dose of melatonin. Moreover, the melatonin regularly produced by virtually all eyestalk cells suggests that it may function to modulate the noxious effects of radiation, at least in the crab N. granulata.