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Smog chamber study on the evolution of fume from residential coal combustion

Geng, Chunmei, Wang, Kun, Wang, Wei, Chen, Jianhua, Liu, Xiaoyu, Liu, Hongjie
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2012 v.24 no.1 pp. 169-176
air quality, coal, combustion, gas emissions, irradiation, isoprene, molecular weight, nitrogen oxides, ozone, pollutants, sulfur dioxide, volatilization
Domestic coal stoves are widely used in countryside and greenbelt residents in China for heating and cooking, and emit considerable pollutants to the atmosphere because of no treatment of their exhaust, which can result in deteriorating local air quality. In this study, a dynamic smog chamber was used to investigate the real-time emissions of gaseous and particulate pollutants during the combustion process and a static smog chamber was used to investigate the fume evolution under simulate light irradiation. The real-time emissions revealed that the total hydrocarbon (THC) and CO increased sharply after ignition, and then quickly decreased, indicating volatilization of hydrocarbons with low molecular weight and incomplete combustion at the beginning stage of combustion made great contribution to these pollutants. There was evident shoulder peak around 10 min combustion for both THC and CO, revealing the emissions from vitrinite combustion. Additionally, another broad emission peak of CO after 30 min was also observed, which was ascribed to the incomplete combustion of the inertinite. Compared with THC and CO, there was only one emission peak for NOx, SO₂ and particular matters at the beginning stage of combustion. The fume evolution with static chamber simulation indicated that evident consumption of SO₂ and NO x as well as new particle formation were observed. The consumption rates for SO₂ and NOx were about 3.44% hr⁻¹ and 3.68% hr⁻¹, the new particle formation of nuclei particles grew at a rate of 16.03 nm/hr during the first reaction hour, and the increase of the diameter of accumulation mode particles was evident. The addition of isoprene to the diluted mixture of the fume could promote O₃ and secondary particle formation.