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Biodelignification of wheat straw and its effect on in vitro digestibility and antioxidant properties

Arora, Daljit Singh, Sharma, Rakesh Kumar, Chandra, Priyanka
International biodeterioration & biodegradation 2011 v.65 no.2 pp. 352-358
Phlebia brevispora, antioxidant activity, biomass, bioprocessing, feeds, in vitro digestibility, lignin, organic matter, protein content, wheat straw, white-rot fungi
A variety of methods for feed development have been introduced during last few years. Bioprocessed agricultural residues may prove a better alternative to provide animal feed. For the purpose, some white rot fungi were allowed to degrade wheat straw up to 30 days under solid state conditions. Several parameters including loss in total organic matter, ligninolysis, in vitro digestibility of wheat straw and estimation of different antioxidant activities were studied. All the fungi were able to degrade lignin and enhance the in vitro digestibility. Among all the tested fungi, Phlebia brevispora degraded maximum lignin (30.6%) and enhanced the digestibility from 172 to 287g/kg. Different antioxidant properties of fungal degraded wheat straw were higher as compared to the uninoculated control straw. Phlebia floridensis found to be more efficient organism in terms of higher antioxidant activity (70.8%) and total phenolic content (9.8mg/ml). Thus, bioprocessing of the wheat straw with the help of these organisms seems to be a better approach for providing the animal feed in terms of enhanced digestibility, higher protein content, higher antioxidant activity and availability of biomass.