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Exopolysaccharides, proteins and lipids in Pleurotus pulmonarius submerged culture using different carbon sources

F.R. Smiderle, L.M. Olsen, A.C. Ruthes, P.A. Czelusniak, A.P. Santana-Filho, G.L. Sassaki, P.A.J. Gorin, M. Iacomini
Carbohydrate polymers 2012 v.87 no.1 pp. 368-376
Pleurotus pulmonarius, arabinose, biomass, biotechnology, carbon, culture media, essential amino acids, exopolysaccharides, galactose, glucans, glucose, medicinal properties, mushroom growing, mushrooms, mycelium, nutrient content, nutritive value, proteins, unsaturated fatty acids, xylose
For many years mushrooms have been consumed and appreciated by their nutritional value, and medicinal properties. The traditional mushroom cultivation takes too long and the macrofungi biotechnology has not been explored in its full potential yet. The goal of this work was to observe if different carbon sources could improve the yield and diversify fungi nutrient composition in submerged culture. Pleurotus pulmonarius mycelia and exopolysacharide productions were evaluated using glucose, galactose, xylose and arabinose. The mycelia yield varied depending on the culture medium, and galactose showed to be the best carbon source to produce EPS. Samples that showed the highest protein contents were grown with xylose (19.44%) and arabinose (26.05%). Furthermore, the biomass cultivated with these carbohydrates and with galactose showed five essential amino acids. All cultured biomass showed low lipid contents (∼1%), being composed mainly of unsaturated fatty acids. All EPS fractions showed as main structures glucans and mannogalactans.