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Polysaccharide-covered nanoparticles with improved shell stability using click-chemistry strategies

Laville, Maxime, Babin, Jérôme, Londono, Isabel, Legros, Mélanie, Nouvel, Cécile, Durand, Alain, Vanderesse, Régis, Leonard, Michèle, Six, Jean-Luc
Carbohydrate polymers 2013 v.93 no.2 pp. 537-546
alkynes, biodegradability, composite polymers, dextran, emulsifying, emulsions, evaporation, nanoparticles, sodium chloride, surfactants
Dextran-covered PLA nanoparticles have been formulated by two strategies. On one hand, dextran-g-PLA copolymers have been synthesized by click-chemistry between azide-multifunctionalized dextran (DexN3) and alkyne end-functionalized PLA chains (α-alkyne PLA); then nanoprecipitated without any additional surfactants. On the other hand, DexN3 exhibiting surfactant properties have been emulsified with unfunctionalized or α-alkyne PLA, which are dissolved in organic phase with or without CuBr. Depending on the o/w emulsion/evaporation process experimental conditions, dextran-g-PLA copolymers have been produced in situ, by click chemistry at the liquid/liquid interface during the emulsification step. Whatever the process, biodegradable core/shell polymeric nanoparticles have been obtained, then characterized. Colloidal stability of these nanoparticles in the presence of NaCl or SDS has been studied. While the physically adsorbed polysaccharide based shell has been displaced by SDS, the covalently-linked polysaccharide based shell ensures a permanent stability, even in the presence of SDS.