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Biodegradable chitosan nanogels crosslinked with genipin

Arteche Pujana, Maite, Pérez-Álvarez, Leyre, Cesteros Iturbe, Luis Carlos, Katime, Issa
Carbohydrate polymers 2013 v.94 no.2 pp. 836-842
biodegradability, chitosan, crosslinking, hydrodynamics, nanoparticles, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, pH, particle size, transmission electron microscopy, water solubility, zeta potential
Chitosan nanoparticles crosslinked with genipin were prepared by reverse microemulsion that allowed to obtain highly monodisperse (3–20nm by TEM) nanogels. The incorporation of genipin into chitosan was confirmed and quantitatively evaluated by UV–vis and 1H NMR. Loosely crosslinked chitosan networks showed higher water solubility at neutral pHs than pure chitosan. The hydrodynamic diameter of the genipin–chitosan nanogels ranged from 270 to 390nm and no remarkable differences were found when the crosslinking degree was varied. The hydrodynamic diameters of the nanoparticles increased slightly at acidic pH and the protonation of ionizable amino groups with the pH was confirmed by the zeta potential measurements. The biocompatible and biodegradable nature, as well as the colloidal and monodisperse particle size of the prepared nanogels, make them attractive candidates for a large variety of biomedical applications.