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Enhanced anti-topoisomerase II activity by mucoadhesive 4-CBS–chitosan/poly (lactic acid) nanoparticles

Songsurang, Kultida, Suvannasara, Phruetchika, Phurat, Chuttree, Puthong, Songchan, Siraleartmukul, Krisana, Muangsin, Nongnuj
Carbohydrate polymers 2013 v.98 no.2 pp. 1335-1342
antineoplastic agents, biodegradability, chitosan, cytotoxicity, encapsulation, gel electrophoresis, in vitro studies, ionization, lactic acid, nanoparticles, particle size, scanning electron microscopy
In this study, the biodegradable mucoadhesive 4-carboxybenzensulfonamide chitosan (4-CBS–chitosan)/poly (lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles were fabricated by the electrospray ionization technique for enhancing anti-topoisomerase II (Topo II) activity. The obtained (4-CBS–chitosan/PLA)-DOX nanoparticles were characterized using SEM, particle size analyzer. We emphasis on encapsulation efficiency, in vitro drug release behavior and also performed in vitro studies of Topo II inhibitory activity using gel electrophoresis. In addition, the cytotoxicity of the 4-CBS–chitosan/PLA nanoparticles using MTT assay was also studied. The mean particle size of spherical shaped (4-CBS–chitosan/PLA)-DOX is less than 300nm. The DOX loaded 4-CBS–chitosan/PLA composite nanoparticles produced high entrapment efficiency of 85.8% and provided the prolonged release of DOX extended to 26 days and also still had strong Topo II inhibitory activity up to 77.4%. Overall, it was shown that 4-CBS–chitosan/PLA nanoparticles could be promising carriers for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs.