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Abortion in goats after experimental administration of Stryphnodendron fissuratum (Mimosoideae)
- Albuquerque, R.F., Evêncio-Neto, J., Freitas, S.H., Dória, R.G.S., Saurini, N.O., Colodel, E.M., Riet-Correa, F., Mendonça, F.S.
- Toxicon 2011 v.58 no.6-7 pp. 602-605
- Stryphnodendron, body weight, death, digestive system diseases, goats, liver, liver diseases, necropsy, pods, poisoning
- The abortive properties and the clinical and pathological features of poisoning by the pods of Stryphnodendron fissuratum were studied in 8 pregnant goats. Two goats that ingested 3.25 g/kg body weight daily doses for 2 days, and 2 that ingested 2.5 g/kg daily doses for 3 days showed digestive clinical signs and aborted, but the animals that ingested 3 daily doses of 2.5 g/kg died. Lesions of the digestive system and liver were observed at necropsy. Two goats that ingested a single dose of 5.5 g/kg showed mild clinical signs and recovered without abortion. Another 2 goats that ingested single doses of 5 g/kg showed no clinical signs. These results demonstrate that Stryphnodendron fisuratum pods cause digestive disorders, liver disease, abortion and death.