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Determination of deployment specific chemical uptake rates for SPMD and PDMS using a passive flow monitor

O’Brien, Dominique, Komarova, Tatiana, Mueller, Jochen F.
Marine pollution bulletin 2012 v.64 no.5 pp. 1005-1011
environmental factors, gypsum, methodology, pollutants, samplers, temperature, water pollution
Passive sampling techniques facilitate the time-integrated measurement of pollutant concentrations through the use of a selective receiving phase. Accurate quantification using passive sampling devices rely on the implementation of methods that will negate the effects of environmental factors (flow, temperature, etc.) or that will allow the calculation of the chemical specific rates of uptake (Rₛ) into the passive sampler employed. We have applied an in situ calibration technique based on the dissolution of gypsum to measure the average water velocity to which a sampler has been exposed. We demonstrate that the loss of gypsum from the passive flow monitor (PFM) can be applied to predict changes in Rₛ dependent on flow when using the absorbent SPMD (semipermeable membrane device) and PDMS (polydimethyl siloxan) passive samplers. The application of the PFM will enhance the accuracy of measurements made when calculating and reporting environmental pollutant concentrations using a passive sampling device.