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Differential biomagnification of PCB, PBDE, Hg and Radiocesium in the food web of the European hake from the NW Mediterranean

Harmelin-Vivien, Mireille, Bodiguel, Xavier, Charmasson, Sabine, Loizeau, Véronique, Mellon-Duval, Capucine, Tronczyński, Jacek, Cossa, Daniel
Marine pollution bulletin 2012 v.64 no.5 pp. 974-983
Merluccius merluccius, bioaccumulation, food webs, hake, human population, mercury, muscles, physicochemical properties, polychlorinated biphenyls, water pollution, Mediterranean Sea
Consumption of marine organisms represents one of the main exposure sources of contaminants for human populations. To obtain a global view of the contamination in commercial fish in the NW Mediterranean Sea, we analysed four types of priority contaminants (PCBs, PBDEs, Hg and ¹³⁷Cs) in the European hake, Merluccius merluccius, from the Gulf of Lions in relation with organism’s trophic level (δ¹⁵N). All contaminants presented a significant increase in concentration in hake muscle with trophic level. However, obvious differences between contaminants were evidenced. Biomagnification factors (BMF and FWMF) along the hake food web were higher for Hg and CB-153 than for BDE-47 and ¹³⁷Cs, and increase in contaminant concentration with trophic level occurred at different rates depending on contaminants. Such differences of biomagnification patterns can be related to physico-chemical properties of the different contaminants.