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Temporal changes in carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of macrozoobenthos on an artificial tidal flat facing a hypertrophic canal, inner Tokyo Bay

Kanaya, Gen, Nakamura, Yasuo, Koizumi, Tomoyoshi, Yamada, Katsumasa, Koshikawa, Hiroshi, Kohzu, Ayato, Maki, Hideaki
Marine pollution bulletin 2013 v.71 no.1-2 pp. 179-189
algal blooms, biomass, carbon, estuaries, food webs, marshes, meta-analysis, nitrogen, phytoplankton, rain, runoff, stable isotopes, summer, temporal variation, urbanization, water pollution, Japan
Temporal changes in benthic food web structure were analyzed in an artificial tidal flat in inner Tokyo Bay, Japan, using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (δ13C and δ15N). Microphytobenthos were the most important food sources of macrozoobenthos, due to high microphytobenthic biomass on the tidal flat, while phytoplankton in canal water (canal POMPP), terrestrial materials from urban surface runoff (canal POMTM), and marsh plants were less important. Dietary contribution of microphytobenthos was highest in April to June, while decreased towards December owing to the supply of canal POMPP and canal POMTM following red tides and heavy rainfall events in summer to fall. Temporal changes in δ15N (Δδ15N) of consumer corresponded well to the 15N-enrichment in canal POMPP in summer. A meta-analysis showed that the consumer-Δδ15N was considerably larger in inner Tokyo Bay than those in other estuaries, which may be a specific characteristic of benthic food web in highly urbanized estuaries.