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Effective myotube formation in human adipose tissue-derived stem cells expressing dystrophin and myosin heavy chain by cellular fusion with mouse C2C12 myoblasts
- Eom, Young Woo, Lee, Jong Eun, Yang, Mal Sook, Jang, In Keun, Kim, Hyo Eun, Lee, Doo Hoon, Kim, Young Jin, Park, Won Jin, Kong, Jee Hyun, Shim, Kwang Yong, Lee, Jong In, Kim, Hyun Soo
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2011 v.408 no.1 pp. 167-173
- coculture, dystrophin, fibroblast growth factor 2, humans, mice, muscle fibers, myoblasts, myosin heavy chains, therapeutics
- Stem cell therapy for muscular dystrophies requires stem cells that are able to participate in the formation of new muscle fibers. However, the differentiation steps that are the most critical for this process are not clear. We investigated the myogenic phases of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hASCs) step by step and the capability of myotube formation according to the differentiation phase by cellular fusion with mouse myoblast C2C12 cells. In hASCs treated with 5-azacytidine and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) for 1day, the early differentiation step to express MyoD and myogenin was induced by FGF-2 treatment for 6days. Dystrophin and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) expression was induced by hASC conditioned medium in the late differentiation step. Myotubes were observed only in hASCs undergoing the late differentiation step by cellular fusion with C2C12 cells. In contrast, hASCs that were normal or in the early stage were not involved in myotube formation. Our results indicate that stem cells expressing dystrophin and MyHC are more suitable for myotube formation by co-culture with myoblasts than normal or early differentiated stem cells expressing MyoD and myogenin.