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Studies on the organization of the docking complex involved in matrix protein import into glycosomes of Trypanosoma brucei
- Verplaetse, Emilie, Gualdrón-López, Melisa, Chevalier, Nathalie, Michels, Paul A.M.
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2012 v.424 no.4 pp. 781-785
- Trypanosoma brucei, glycolysis, microbodies, protein transport, receptors, topology
- Trypanosoma brucei contains peroxisome-like organelles designated glycosomes because they sequester the major part of the glycolytic pathway. Import of proteins into the peroxisomal matrix involves a protein complex associated with the peroxisomal membrane of which PEX13 is a component. Two very different PEX13 isoforms have recently been identified in T. brucei. A striking feature of one of the isoforms, TbPEX13.1, is the presence of a C-terminal type 1 peroxisomal-targeting signal (PTS1), the tripeptide TKL, conserved in its orthologues in all members of the Trypanosomatidae family so far studied, but absent from TbPEX13.2 and the PEX13s in all other organisms. Despite their differences, both TbPEX13s function as part of a docking complex for cytosolic receptors with bound matrix proteins to be imported. We further characterized TbPEX13.1’s function in glycosomal matrix-protein import. It provides a frame to anchor another docking complex component, PEX14, to the glycosomal membrane or information to correctly position it within the membrane. To investigate the possible function of the C-terminal TKL, we determined the topology of the C-terminal half of TbPEX13.1 in the membrane and show that its SH3 domain, located immediately adjacent to the PTS1, is at the cytosolic face.