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Synergistic induction of miR-126 by hypoxia and HDAC inhibitors in cardiac myocytes
- Shi, Huaping, Chen, Lei, Wang, Huilan, Zhu, Shoukang, Dong, Chunming, Webster, Keith A., Wei, Jianqin
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2013 v.430 pp. 827-832
- cardiomyocytes, cardiomyopathy, cell viability, heart, heart failure, hypoxia, ischemia, phosphotransferases (kinases), vascular endothelial growth factor A
- HDAC inhibitors are under clinical development for the treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and heart failure although the mechanisms of protection are incompletely understood. Micro-RNA 126, an endothelium-specific miR has been assigned essential developmental roles in the heart by activating survival kinases ERK1/2 and Akt and increasing pro-angiogenic signaling. Here we provide the first evidence that hypoxia and HDAC inhibitors selectively and synergistically stimulate expression of miR-126 in cardiac myocytes. MiR-126 expression was increased 1.7-fold (p<0.05) after 1h of hypoxic exposure and this was further enhanced to 3.0-fold (p<0.01) by simultaneously blocking HDAC with the pan-HDAC inhibitor Tricostatin A (TSA). TSA alone did not increase miR-126. In parallel, hypoxia and TSA synergistically increased p-ERK and p-Akt without effecting VEGF-A level. Knockdown of miR-126 with si-RNA eliminated inductions of p-ERK and p-Akt by hypoxia, whereas miR-126 overexpression mimicked hypoxia and amplified p-ERK and p-Akt in parallel with miR-126. The results suggest that miR-126 is a hypoxia-inducible target of HAT/HDAC and its activation in cardiac myocytes may contribute to cardioprotection by activating cell survival and pro-angiogenic pathways selectively during ischemia.