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mir-30d Regulates multiple genes in the autophagy pathway and impairs autophagy process in human cancer cells
- Yang, Xiaojun, Zhong, Xiaomin, Tanyi, Janos L., Shen, Jianfeng, Xu, Congjian, Gao, Peng, Zheng, Tim M., DeMichele, Angela, Zhang, Lin
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2013 v.431 pp. 617-622
- apoptosis, autophagy, bioinformatics, carcinogenesis, death, genes, humans, metastasis, microRNA, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, organelles, prediction, proteins, therapeutics
- In human epithelial cancers, the microRNA (miRNA) mir-30d is amplified with high frequency and serves as a critical oncomir by regulating metastasis, apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation. Autophagy, a degradation pathway for long-lived protein and organelles, regulates the survival and death of many cell types. Increasing evidence suggests that autophagy plays an important function in epithelial tumor initiation and progression. Using a combined bioinformatics approach, gene set enrichment analysis, and miRNA target prediction, we found that mir-30d might regulate multiple genes in the autophagy pathway including BECN1, BNIP3L, ATG12, ATG5, and ATG2. Our further functional experiments demonstrated that the expression of these core proteins in the autophagy pathway was directly suppressed by mir-30d in cancer cells. Finally, we showed that mir-30d regulated the autophagy process by inhibiting autophagosome formation and LC3B-I conversion to LC3B-II. Taken together, our results provide evidence that the oncomir mir-30d impairs the autophagy process by targeting multiple genes in the autophagy pathway. This result will contribute to understanding the molecular mechanism of mir-30d in tumorigenesis and developing novel cancer therapy strategy.