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Nerve growth factor-mediated vascular endothelial growth factor expression of astrocyte in retinal vascular development

Kim, You Sun, Jo, Dong Hyun, Lee, Hanjae, Kim, Jin Hyoung, Kim, Kyu-Won, Kim, Jeong Hun
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2013 v.431 pp. 740-745
collagen, fluorescent antibody technique, immunohistochemistry, mechanism of action, messenger RNA, mice, nerve growth factor, nerve tissue, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phosphorylation, receptors, retina, tropomyosins, vascular endothelial growth factors
The angiogenic aspect of neurotrophins and their receptors rather than the neuroscientific aspect has been focused. However, their role in retinal vascular development is underdiscovered. The purpose of this study is to understand the role of neurotrophin receptors in retinal vascular development and the mechanisms of their action. To identify the expression of tropomyosin receptor kinase receptor (Trk) in developing retina, tissues of 4, 8, 12, 16 and 26day-old mice were prepared for experiments. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence double staining against glial fibrillary acidic protein and type IV collagen were performed. TrkA was expressed mainly along the vessel structure in inner part of retina, especially in retinal astrocyte. In cultured primary astrocyte, recombinant nerve growth factor (NGF) was used to activate TrkA. NGF induced the phosphorylation of TrkA, and it also enhanced the level of activated Akt and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA. Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) reversed the NGF-induced activation of these two molecules. This study demonstrated that TrkA activation on NGF leads to VEGF elevation by PI3K-Akt pathway and therefore suggested that TrkA could be a stimulator of retinal vascular development.