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Changes of apoptosis in tumor tissues with time after irreversible electroporation

Kim, Hong-Bae, Sung, Chang-Kyu, Baik, Ku Youn, Moon, Kee-Wook, Kim, Hyung-Sik, Yi, Jeong-Han, Jung, Jong-Hyun, Moon, Min-Hoan, Choi, Ohc-Kyung
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2013 v.435 pp. 651-656
apoptosis, electroporation, heat, homeostasis, image analysis, necrosis, tissues, ultrasonography
Irreversible electroporation is a novel method of ablating living tissues through its non-thermal effects, unlike radiofrequency ablation which has a severe problem of heat sink. It is due to high-energy direct current which leads to permanent disruption of lipid bilayer integrity in terms of exchanges between intra- and extracellular components via nano-sized pores. That finally causes irreversible damage to cellular homeostasis. Irreversibly damaged cells may undergo apoptosis followed by necrosis with time after electroporation. This damage can make it possible to monitor the ablated area with time post-IRE through MR imaging and an ultrasound system. Most previous studies have investigated the immediate response of undesired tissue to IRE. In our study, we showed changes of tumor tissues with time post-IRE by histological analysis and MR imaging. Tissues under IRE ablation showed a peak apoptotic rate at 24h after IRE ablation with viable tissues at the peripheral rim of treated tissues in histological analysis. This phenomenon was also observed with no enhancement on contrast-enhanced MR images due to devascularization of IRE ablated zones.