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Aberrant methylation and loss of CADM2 tumor suppressor expression is associated with human renal cell carcinoma tumor progression

He, Wei, Li, Xuesong, Xu, Shuping, Ai, Junkui, Gong, Yanqing, Gregg, Jennifer L., Guan, Ruili, Qiu, Wei, Xin, Dianqi, Gingrich, Jeffrey R., Guo, Yinglu, Chang, Guimin
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2013 v.435 pp. 526-532
DNA, apoptosis, carcinoma, cell adhesion, cell growth, cell polarity, genes, heterozygosity, humans, interphase, kidney neoplasms, methylation, mice, neoplasm cells, phenotype, small interfering RNA
Cell adhesion molecules (CADMs) comprise a protein family whose functions include maintenance of cell polarity and tumor suppression. In this report, we show that the CADM2 gene is repressed in human clear renal cell carcinoma by DNA promoter hypermethylation and/or loss of heterozygosity. Moreover, the loss of CADM2 expression is associated with a higher tumor pathology stage (p<0.05). The re-expression of CADM2 in the renal cancer cell line 786-O significantly suppressed tumor cell growth in vitro and in mouse xenografts by a G1 phase cell cycle arrest and the induction of apoptosis. Lentivirus-mediated CADM2 expression also significantly suppressed cancer cell anchorage-independent growth and invasion. Furthermore, the inhibition of endogenous CADM2 expression using siRNAs induced a tumorigenic phenotype in polarized non-tumorigenic MDCK cells. Thus, we conclude that CADM2 functions as a novel tumor suppressor and may serve as a potential therapeutic target for human renal cell carcinoma.