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Mutant γPKC that causes spinocerebellar ataxia type 14 upregulates Hsp70, which protects cells from the mutant’s cytotoxicity

Ogawa, Kota, Seki, Takahiro, Onji, Tomoya, Adachi, Naoko, Tanaka, Shigeru, Hide, Izumi, Saito, Naoaki, Sakai, Norio
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2013 v.440 pp. 25-30
ataxia (disorder), cytotoxicity, gene expression regulation, genes, heat-shock protein 70, missense mutation, mutants, neurodegenerative diseases, protein kinases
Several missense mutations in the protein kinase Cγ (γPKC) gene have been found to cause spinocerebellar ataxia type 14 (SCA14), an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease. We previously demonstrated that the mutant γPKC found in SCA14 is misfolded, susceptible to aggregation and cytotoxic. Molecular chaperones assist the refolding and degradation of misfolded proteins and prevention of the proteins’ aggregation. In the present study, we found that the expression of mutant γPKC-GFP increased the levels of heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70) in SH-SY5Y cells. To elucidate the role of this elevation, we investigated the effect of siRNA-mediated knockdown of Hsp70 on the aggregation and cytotoxicity of mutant γPKC. Knockdown of Hsp70 exacerbated the aggregation and cytotoxicity of mutant γPKC-GFP by inhibiting this mutant’s degradation. These findings suggest that mutant γPKC increases the level of Hsp70, which protects cells from the mutant’s cytotoxicity by enhancing its degradation.