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Effects of N-acetyl-l-cysteine on bleomycin induced oxidative stress in malignant testicular germ cell tumors

Cort, Aysegul, Ozdemir, Evrim, Timur, Mujgan, Ozben, Tomris
Biochimie 2012 v.94 no.12 pp. 2734-2739
DNA, acetylcysteine, antioxidant activity, apoptosis, drug therapy, germ cells, glutathione, humans, hydrogen peroxide, males, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, oxidative stress, patients, testes, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances
Testicular cancer is a very common cancer in males aged 15–44 years. Bleomycin is used in chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of patients having testicular germ-cell tumor. Bleomycin generates oxygen radicals, induces oxidative cleavage of DNA strand and induces apoptosis in cancer cells. There is no study in the literature investigating effects of N-Acetyl-l-Cysteine (NAC) on bleomycin-induced oxidative stress in testicular germ cell tumors. For this reason, we studied effects of NAC on oxidative stress produced in wild-type NTera-2 and p53-mutant NCCIT testis cancer cells incubated with bleomycin and compared the results with H₂O₂ which directly produces oxidative stress. We determined protein carbonyl content, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), glutathione (GSH), 8-isoprostane, lipid hydroperoxide levels and total antioxidant capacity in both testicular cancer cells. Bleomycin and H₂O₂ significantly increased 8-isoprostane, TBARS, protein carbonyl and lipid hydroperoxide levels in NTera-2 and NCCIT cells. Bleomycin and H₂O₂ significantly decreased antioxidant capacity and GSH levels in both cell lines. Co-incubation with NAC significantly decreased lipid hydroperoxide, 8-isoprostane, protein carbonyl content and TBARS levels increased by bleomycin and H₂O₂. NAC enhanced GSH levels and antioxidant capacity in the NTera-2 and NCCIT cells. It can be concluded that NAC diminishes oxidative stress in human testicular cancer cells induced by bleomycin and H₂O₂.