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Chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells mediated by the combination of SOX trio SOX5, 6, and 9 genes complexed with PEI-modified PLGA nanoparticles

Park, Ji Sun, Yang, Han Na, Woo, Dae Gyun, Jeon, Su Yeon, Do, Hyun-Jin, Lim, Hye-Young, Kim, Jae-Hwan, Park, Keun-Hong
Biomaterials 2011 v.32 no.14 pp. 3679-3688
cell differentiation, chondrogenesis, ethyleneimine, fluorescence, green fluorescent protein, humans, in vitro culture, nanoparticles, polymers, reporter genes, stem cells, therapeutics, transfection
Target gene transfection for desired cell differentiation has recently become a major issue in stem cell therapy. For the safe and stable delivery of genes into human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), we employed a non-viral gene carrier system such as polycataionic polymer, poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI), polyplexed with a combination of SOX5, 6, and 9 fused to green fluorescence protein (GFP), yellow fluorescence protein (YFP), or red fluorescence protein (RFP) coated onto PLGA nanoparticles. The transfection efficiency of PEI-modified PLGA nanoparticle gene carriers was then evaluated to examine the potential for chondrogenic differentiation by carrying the exogenous SOX trio (SOX5, 6, and 9) in hMSCs. Additionally, use of PEI-modified PLGA nanoparticle gene carriers was evaluated to investigate the potential for transfection efficiency to increase the potential ability of chondrogenesis when the trio genes (SOX5, 6, and 9) polyplexed with PEI were delivered into hMSCs. SOX trio complexed with PEI-modified PLGA nanoparticles led to a dramatic increase in the chondrogenesis of hMSCs in in vitro culture systems. For the PEI/GFP and PEI/SOX5, 6, and 9 genes complexed with PLGA nanoparticles, the expressions of GFP as reporter genes and SOX9 genes with PLGA nanoparticles showed 80% and 83% of gene transfection ratios into hMSCs two days after transfection, respectively.