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[¹²³I]Iodooctyl fenbufen amide as a SPECT tracer for imaging tumors that over-express COX enzymes
- Huang, Ho-Lien, Yeh, Chun-Nan, Lee, Wei-Yuan, Huang, Ying-Cheng, Chang, Kang-Wei, Lin, Kun-Ju, Tien, Shu-Fan, Su, Wen-Chin, Yang, Ching-Hsiuan, Chen, Jenn-Tzong, Lin, Wuu-Jyh, Fan, Shio-Shio, Yu, Chung-Shan
- Biomaterials 2013 v.34 no.13 pp. 3355-3365
- bile ducts, computed tomography, enzymes, gel chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography, image analysis, inflammation, inhibitory concentration 50, liver, neoplasms, rats
- This study is concerned with the development of an agent for single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) for imaging inflammation and tumor progression. [¹²³I]Iodooctyl fenbufen amide ([¹²³I]IOFA) was prepared from the precursor N-octyl-4-oxo-4-(4′-(trimethylstannyl)biphenyl-4-yl)butanamide with a radiochemical yield of 15%, specific activity of 37 GBq/μmol, and radiochemical purity of 95%. Analysis of the binding of [¹²³I]IOFA to COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes by using HPLC and a gel filtration column showed a selectivity ratio of 1:1.3. An assay for the competitive inhibition of substrate transfer showed that IOFA exhibited a comparable IC₅₀ value compared to fenbufen. In the normal rat liver, a lower level and homogeneous pattern of [¹²³I]IOFA radioactivity was observed by SPECT. In contrast, in the rat liver with thioacetamide-induced cholangiocarcinoma, a higher uptake and heterogeneous pattern of [¹²³I]IOFA radioactivity was seen as hot spots in tumor lesions by SPECT imaging. Importantly, elevated COX-1 and COX-2 expressions from immunostaining were found in the bile ducts of tumor rats but not of normal rats. Therefore, [¹²³I]IOFA was found to exhibit the potential for imaging tumors that over-express COX.