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Antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory phenolic activities in extra virgin olive oil
- Cicerale, S, Lucas, LJ, Keast, RSJ
- Current opinion in biotechnology 2012 v.23 no.2 pp. 129-135
- Mediterranean diet, anti-inflammatory activity, antioxidants, bioavailability, extra-virgin olive oil, humans, longevity, phenolic compounds, population
- The Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of chronic degenerative diseases and higher life expectancy. These health benefits have been partially attributed to the dietary consumption of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) by Mediterranean populations, and more specifically the phenolic compounds naturally present in EVOO. Studies involving humans and animals (in vivo and in vitro) have demonstrated that olive oil phenolic compounds have potentially beneficial biological effects resulting from their antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. This paper summarizes current knowledge on the biological activities of specific olive oil phenolic compounds together with information on their concentration in EVOO, bioavailability and stability over time.