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A multinational SDI-based system to facilitate disaster risk management in the Andean Community

Molina, Martin, Bayarri, Salvador
Computers & geosciences 2011 v.37 no.9 pp. 1501-1510
Internet, computers, developing countries, disaster preparedness, disasters, information systems, infrastructure, risk management, spatial data, Andes region, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
A useful strategy for improving disaster risk management is sharing spatial data across different technical organizations using shared information systems. However, the implementation of this type of system requires a large effort, so it is difficult to find fully implemented and sustainable information systems that facilitate sharing multinational spatial data about disasters, especially in developing countries. In this paper, we describe a pioneer system for sharing spatial information that we developed for the Andean Community. This system, called SIAPAD (Andean Information System for Disaster Prevention and Relief), integrates spatial information from 37 technical organizations in the Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru). SIAPAD was based on the concept of a thematic Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) and includes a web application, called GEORiesgo, which helps users to find relevant information with a knowledge-based system. In the paper, we describe the design and implementation of SIAPAD together with general conclusions and future directions which we learned as a result of this work.