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The development of low-carbon vehicles in China
- Yao, Mingfa, Liu, Haifeng, Feng, Xuan
- Energy policy 2011 v.39 no.9 pp. 5457-5464
- biofuels, carbon, carbon dioxide, combustion, energy conservation, fuel cells, gasoline, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, vehicles (equipment), China
- Reducing CO₂ emissions from vehicles in China is crucial and will significantly alleviate the environmental burden of the Earth. Some promising technologies that make possible low-carbon vehicles are reviewed in this work, including electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, hybrid vehicles, biofuels vehicles, other alternative fuel vehicles, and conventional internal combustion engine vehicles with improvement. In the short term, expanding the use of mature technologies in conventional gasoline or diesel vehicles is the most realistic, effective, and timely solution for China to meeting the urgent challenges of energy saving and greenhouse gas reduction; while in the long run biofuel is a promising candidate due to their renewability and carbon neutrality. The blueprint of low-carbon vehicles for China depends on three aspects: breakthroughs in technology, awareness of public, and government guidance.