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Sustainable energy development in Austria until 2020: Insights from applying the integrated model “e3.at”
- Stocker, Andrea, Großmann, Anett, Madlener, Reinhard, Wolter, Marc Ingo
- Energy policy 2011 v.39 no.10 pp. 6082-6099
- energy efficiency, energy policy, experts, models, renewable energy sources, stakeholders, Austria
- This paper reports on the Austrian research project “Renewable energy in Austria: Modeling possible development trends until 2020”. The project investigated possible economic and ecological effects of a substantially increased use of renewable energy sources in Austria. Together with stakeholders and experts, three different scenarios were defined, specifying possible development trends for renewable energy in Austria. The scenarios were simulated for the period 2006–2020, using the integrated environment–energy–economy model “e3.at”. The modeling results indicate that increasing the share of renewable energy sources in total energy use is an important but insufficient step towards achieving a sustainable energy system in Austria. A substantial increase in energy efficiency and a reduction of residential energy consumption also form important cornerstones of a sustainable energy policy.