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Rural electrification for isolated consumers: Sustainable management model based on residue biomass

Pinheiro, Giorgiana, Rendeiro, Gonçalo, Pinho, João, Macedo, Emanuel
Energy policy 2011 v.39 no.10 pp. 6211-6219
biomass, case studies, electric power, models, operating costs, power plants, rural electrification, Brazil
This paper presents a case study of the electrification of a riparian community in the State of Pará, Brazil, within the scope of the Program for Electric Power Service Universalization in Brazil. The community is located in a remote area; approximately 100km from the municipal district, there is no regular transport to access the community, and adequate communication service. The community is provided with electrification facilities through a small biomass-based power plant, directly firing residues produced by the local economic activity. The objective of the paper is to propose a sustainable management model that is suitable for community's isolation conditions, considering the high costs with operation and maintenance related to the supply of isolated consumers in small locations. A simulation is conducted for the operation of the small biomass-based power plant, the generation costs are determined, the legal aspects are analyzed, and a suggestion for the management model is presented.