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Co-gasification behavior of meat and bone meal char and coal char

Ren, Haijun, Zhang, Yongqi, Fang, Yitian, Wang, Yang
Fuel processing technology 2011 v.92 no.3 pp. 298-307
calcium, catalysts, catalytic activity, chemical reactions, gasification, lignite, meat and bone meal, minerals, models, sodium, synergism, temperature, thermogravimetry
The co-gasification behavior of meat and bone meal (MBM) char and two types of coal (Jincheng anthracite (JC) and Huolinhe lignite (HLH)) char was investigated using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The effects of coal type, mineral matter in MBM, gasification temperatures and contacting conditions between MBM char and coal char on the gasification behavior were studied. The results show that the gasification behavior of MBM char and HLH char can be well described by ash diffusion controlled shrinking core model, while that of JC char can be described by chemical reaction controlled shrinking core model. The co-gasification rate of MBM/JC chars at 950°C is approximately 1.5 times faster than that calculated from independent behavior. The mineral matter in MBM may play as a catalyst during co-gasification. However, the analogous effect observed in the blends of HLH/MBM chars is smaller, suggesting that the coal types play a great role. Furthermore, as the gasification temperature increased from 850 to 1000°C, the maximum synergistic effect is observed at 900°C. The lower temperature is not conducive to transferring the mineral matters of MBM to the coal char, while the higher temperature makes Na and Ca react with minerals of coal, leading to a loss of catalytic activity.