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Alkali catalyzed transesterification of safflower seed oil assisted by microwave irradiation

Duz, M. Zahir, Saydut, Abdurrahman, Ozturk, Gulsen
Fuel processing technology 2011 v.92 no.3 pp. 308-313
Carthamus tinctorius, acid value, alcoholysis, biodiesel, catalysts, iodine value, irradiation, methanol, microwave radiation, microwave treatment, petroleum, pour point, safflower oil, safflower seed, seeds, sodium hydroxide, transesterification, triacylglycerols, viscosity, yields, Turkey (country)
The safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) oil was extracted from the seeds of the safflower that grows in Diyarbakir, SE Anatolia of Turkey. Biodiesel has been prepared from safflower seed by transesterification of the crude oil under microwave irradiation, with methanol to oil molar ratio of 10:1, in the presence of 1.0% NaOH as catalyst. The conversion of C. tinctorius oil to methyl ester was over 98.4% at 6min. The important fuel properties of safflower oil and its methyl ester (biodiesel) such as density, kinematic viscosity, flash point, iodine number, neutralization number, pour point, cloud point, cetane number are found out and compared to those of no. 2 petroleum diesel, ASTM and EN biodiesel standards. Compared with conventional heating methods, the process using microwaves irradiation proved to be a faster method for alcoholysis of triglycerides with methanol, leading to high yields of biodiesel.