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Analysis of the inheritance pattern of a Chinese family with phaeochromocytomas through whole exome sequencing

Cao, Min, Sun, Fukang, Huang, Xin, Dai, Jun, Cui, Bin, Ning, Guang
Gene 2013 v.526 pp. 164-169
cell adhesion, dominant genes, heterozygosity, homozygosity, inheritance (genetics), loci, mutation, neoplasms, pedigree, screening, sequence analysis
Phaeochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare, catecholamine-producing tumors. Most familial PCC/PGLs have been detected to be autosomal dominantly inherited. However, this study was undertaken in a family with PCCs to determine candidate genes in a dominant or recessive inheritance pattern. After excluding mutations in ten PCC/PGL susceptibility genes by Sanger sequencing, we used whole exome sequencing for screening on the four family members to discover novel candidate genes associated with PCCs. Based on the inexistence of non-synonymous mutations or indels in the ten known genes and the structure of this pedigree, 3 damaging loci with dominant inheritance pattern, and 5 damaging loci with recessive homozygous inheritance pattern and 6 damaging genes with compound heterozygous inheritance pattern were narrowed down to indicate the association with PCCs. According to the Gene Ontology (GO) category analysis on the combined results, cell adhesion showed the most significant enrichment.