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Active fractions of organic matter in soils with different texture

Author:
Franzluebbers, A.J., Haney, R.L., Hons, F.M., Zuberer, D.A.
Source:
Soil biology & biochemistry 1996 v.28 no.10/11 pp. 1367
ISSN:
0038-0717
Subject:
soil organic matter, fractionation, carbon, soil microorganisms, biomass, mineralization, nitrogen, biological activity in soil, soil texture, clay, biogeochemical cycles, textural soil types, soil respiration, soil organic carbon, Texas
Abstract:
Relationships between soil organic C (SOC), soil microbial biomass C (SMBC), mineralizable C and N during a 21 d incubation, and basal soil respiration (BSR) were evaluated on eight soil types from Texas that varied in soil texture (7-45% clay) and organic matter. The portion of SOC as SMBC increased with increasing clay content, whereas the relationships of mineralizable C and N and BSR to SOC were not affected by soil texture. The ratio of BSR-to-SOC averaged 1.4 +/- 0.4 mg mineralizable C g-1 SOC d-1. The amount of mineralizable C and N and BSR per unit of SMBC, however, decreased with increasing clay content, indicating that the soil microbial biomass (SMB) was more active in coarse-textured soils than in fine-textured soils. The average specific respiratory activity was 29 mg mineralizable C g-1 SMBC d-1 with 10% clay and 11 mg mineralizable C g-1 SMBC d-1 with 40% clay. The C-to-N ratio of the mineralizable fraction was 10 +/- 3 and not affected by soil texture. The established relationships between active soil organic matter (SOM) fractions and soil texture could be used in models predicting SOM turnover.
Handle:
10113/9925