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Whole-genomic analysis of G3P[23], G9P[23] and G3P[13] rotavirus strains isolated from piglets with diarrhea in Thailand, 2006–2008

Okitsu, Shoko, Khamrin, Pattara, Thongprachum, Aksara, Kongkaew, Aphisek, Maneekarn, Niwat, Mizuguchi, Masashi, Hayakawa, Satoshi, Ushijima, Hiroshi
Infection, genetics, and evolution 2013 v.18 pp. 74-86
Rotavirus A, cattle, diarrhea, farms, gastroenteritis, genes, genotype, humans, nucleotide sequences, phylogeny, piglets, sequence analysis, Thailand, United Kingdom
Group A rotavirus (RVA) is the most common cause of severe acute viral gastroenteritis in humans and animals worldwide. This study characterized the whole genome sequences of porcine RVAs, 2 G3P[23] strains (CMP40/08 and CMP48/08), 1 G9P[23] strain (CMP45/08), and 1 G3P[13] strain (CMP29/08). These strains were collected from diarrheic piglets less than 7weeks of age in 4 pig farms in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in 2008. The VP7-VP4-VP6-VP1-VP2-VP3-NSP1-NSP2-NSP3-NSP4-NSP5 genes of CMP40/08 and CMP48/08 strains were assigned as G3-P[23]-I5-R1-C1-M1-A8-N1-T1-E1-H1 genotypes based on their nucleotide sequences and phylogenetic analyses. The CMP29/08 strain was different from the CMP40/08 and CMP48/08 strains only in the VP4 gene, since it was assigned as P[13] genotype. Furthermore, the VP7 gene of the CMP45/08 strain was classified as genotype G9, and the NSP3 gene as T7 genotype. The finding of this study supports the porcine-origin of T7 genotype, although the NSP3 gene of this strain was similar to the bovine UK strain at the highest nucleotide sequence identity of 92.6%. Whole genome sequence analysis of the porcine RVAs indicated that multiple inter-genotypic and intra-genotypic reassortment events had occurred among the porcine RVAs circulating in this studied area. Interestingly, the VP7 gene of the CMP45/08 strain, and the VP1, NSP2, and NSP4 genes of all four porcine RVAs strains described in this study revealed much similarity to those of two porcine-like human RVA strains (RVA/Human-tc/THA/Mc323/1989/G9P[19] and RVA/Human-tc/THA/Mc345/1989/G9P[19]) detected in Thailand in 1989. The present study provided important information on the evolution of porcine RVA.